Energy Implications of Bottled Water
This paper estimates the energy footprint required for various phases of bottled water production, transportation, and use. The authors do not develop a single comprehensive life-cycle energy estimate because of differences among water sources, bottling processes, transportation costs, and other factors, but they quantify key energy inputs necessary for site-specific assessments.
- Awareness raising
- General information
- R&D / Science
Publisher: IOP Publishing, Environmental Research Letters
Published in: 2, 2009
- United States
- Northern America
- Energy efficiency
- Sustainable consumption & production
Free to use:
- Energy efficiency -Material
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