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Energy Implications of Bottled Water
This paper estimates the energy footprint required for various phases of bottled water production, transportation, and use. The authors do not develop a single comprehensive life-cycle energy estimate because of differences among water sources, bottling processes, transportation costs, and other factors, but they quantify key energy inputs necessary for site-specific assessments.
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Icon/category:
  • Energy
  • Financing
  • Technology
Type of resource:
  • Study
Medium:
  • Electronic resource
Purpose:
  • Awareness raising
  • General information
  • R&D / Science
Author: P.H. Gleick, H.S. Cooley
Publisher: IOP Publishing, Environmental Research Letters
Published in: 2, 2009
Relevant for:
  • France
  • United States
  • Europe
  • Northern America
  • Oceania
Topic:
  • Energy
  • Energy efficiency
  • Sustainable consumption & production
  • Transport
  • Water
Language:
  • English
Free to use: Yes
Terms of use / copyright info:
Energy Subject:
  • Energy efficiency -Material
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